‘Civil society’ in Europe – the élite, the middle-income stratum, the working class and the unemployed—had a common denominator: they were consumers, inside and outside, not citizens… there were no Europeans in the EU in the early XXI century: there were only French, Dutch, Italians, Germans and so on… ‘civil society’ at the time was silent, if not itself kindling the fire of hatred and violence which culminated in the migrants genocide. Irene Caratelli